The Clinical Laboratory Sciences program offers two tracks: the clinical certification track that includes submajors of medical technology, cytogenetics and histotechnology; and the professional track. Each leads to the bachelor of science degree. The tracks are designed to prepare graduates for employment in hospitals, physician’s offices, private laboratories, public health agencies, pharmaceutical companies and academic or industrial research. The professional track is the preferred course of study for students considering graduate school or advanced studies in the clinical sciences. The professional track also can be used as preparation for careers in medicine, dentistry, and veterinary science.
Advising is available by faculty through the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program. To assess progress, students should meet with their adviser each semester in which they are enrolled in classes. The program is accredited by:
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
8410 West Bryn Mawr Ave.
Chicago, IL 60631
Certification as a Medical Technologist
There are four certifying agencies for medical technologists: (1) American Society of Clinical Pathologists, (2) National Certifying Agency for Clinical Laboratory Personnel, (3) International Society of Clinical Laboratory Technologists and (4) American Medical Technologists. Because there can be differences in hiring practice and salary differentials based on agency certification, it is recommended that students carefully consider agency certification before the examination is taken. The Clinical Laboratory Sciences office has information on each of the agencies mentioned.
Clinical Certification Track and Professional Track
This curriculum is a four-year program at Eastern Michigan University with two options or tracks:
- Clinical Certification Track: The medical technology option consists of seven semesters of course work in general education, basic sciences and clinical sciences and includes 23 weeks of rotation through an accredited clinical laboratory. These rotations for the clinical track include:
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Mercy Memorial Hospital, Monroe
Garden City Hospital, Garden City
VA Hospital, Ann Arbor
Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit for Cytogentics
William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak for Histotechnology
Because enrollment in the fourth year is limited by the size of classes in the affiliated hospital schools, admission to the program does not ensure admission to the clinical rotations of the curriculum. Admission into the clinical rotations is competitive. The cytogenetics and histotechnology options consist of six semesters of course work and 12 months of clinical rotations through an accredited clinical laboratory. These programs are accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.
- Preprofessional Track: This option consists of eight semesters of course work in general education and in basic, advanced and clinical sciences. Included will be a strongly recommended cooperative education experience in industry or academia. Graduates will be prepared for careers in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and other health care industries, and as physician’s assistants. Additionally, graduates will be eligible for entry into a master’s or doctoral level program in the basic or clinical sciences. Students also would be eligible for one-year hospital rotations and subsequent certification as registered medical technologists.
The major in clinical laboratory sciences follows an interdisciplinary format composed of courses in clinical laboratory sciences, biology, chemistry and mathematics.
All students must complete the courses in each of the four areas of general education. At least 30 hours of the academic program must be completed at Eastern Michigan University. Students should be aware of the 60- and 75-hour rule regarding transfer of community college credit.
Admission and continuation in the clinical laboratory sciences program is based upon the following:
- A minimum EMU cumulative GPA of 2.0. A cumulative GPA of less than 2.8 mandates warning students of their ineligibility for acceptance into the clinical track.
- No grade below C in any mathematics or science course.
- A grade of D (including D- and E) in one courses in the clinical laboratory sciences major may, upon recommendation by the Program Review Committee, result in dismissal from the CLS program.
- Freedom from any kind of probation (administrative, academic, academic dishonesty or other University sanctioned probations) must be maintained. While on academic probation, no student may register for, remain in, or receive credit for science courses or practicum courses within the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program.
- TOEFL scores of 570 or above (230 on the computer-based exam or 88 on the internet-based exam).
- Students may retake any science, math or CLSC course only one time in order to imporve a grade.
- Transfer credits from any institution must be at least a B or above.
Successful completion of the clinical track and the Bachelor of Science degree qualifies students to take the national registry examination in medical technology. The two certifying agencies recommended are the American Society of Clinical Pathologists and the National Certifying Agency for Clinical Laboratory Personnel.
Clinical Track Requirements
Students must be accepted to Eastern Michigan University before they can be considered by the Clinical Laboratory Science Program Screening Committee. However, admission to EMU does not guarantee admission into the clinical track program.
Students entering the program will be classified initially as Clinical Laboratory Sciences “intents.” Application for full admission to the clinical track program should be made during the winter semester of the junior year.
Application packets can be obtained from the program director. Completed applications must be in the office by March 15 in order to be considered for acceptance for the winter semester.
Selection criteria include overall EMU GPA, letters of recommendation, overall science GPA, interview evaluations, freedom from any academic dishonesty and completed application form.
Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences curriculum/clinical track is competitive and is based on the following:
- A minimum GPA of 2.8 with no grade below C in any science, mathematics or preprofessional course. The prerequisite courses may be taken at EMU, or other four-year college/university or at a community college.
- A minimum science GPA of 2.8.
- Completion of at least 60 hours of University credit, including 45 credit hours of prerequisite mathematics and science courses, as indicated on the application form.
- Three letters of recommendation. It is suggested that references should include a science instructor and an employer.
- Documentation that an applicant will have completed all prerequisite clinical laboratory sciences courses prior to beginning clinical rotations in the spring of the senior year
The first three years of clinical laboratory sciences are the same for both the professional and clinical tracks. It is likely that acceptance into the clinical track will be highly competitive. Clinical laboratory sciences majors who are not accepted into the clinical track program, yet desire to sit for the registry examination in medical technology, have the following options:
- Completion of the Bachelor of Science degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences (professional track) at Eastern Michigan University and filing a reapplication to the clinical track program.
- Completion of all required course work for the Bachelor of Science degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences and application to an approved hospital-based school of medical technology. The faculty advisers will assist students in the application process. Students are selected for internship placement through a statewide computer matching process. The selection process is completed in February each year, with internships usually beginning during the month of July. A Bachelor of Science in Clinical Laboratory Sciences will qualify the student to apply to hospitals within Michigan and throughout the United States.
Hospital-based schools of medical technology (internship programs) affiliated with the University are:
Detroit Medical Center, Detroit
St. John Hospital, Detroit
Hurley Hospital, Flint
Professional Track Requirements
The professional track is designed for students with an interest in the clinical sciences, whose career goals may not include working as a registered medical technologist in a hospital laboratory setting.
Students electing the professional track of the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program complete eight semesters of academic course work.
The curriculum includes an optional but recommended cooperative education experience. Work opportunities are diverse and include employment in pharmaceutical companies, analytical laboratories and research laboratories. The clinical practicum is not required for the professional track.
Formal application into the professional track is not required. Students must maintain an overall GPA of 2.0 in the major and satisfy University requirements for graduation. Registration for cooperative courses requires a 2.5 overall GPA and 2.5 in the sciences.
These curricula lead to a Bachelor of Science in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program.
Program Director: Peggy Wenk (William Beaumont Hospital)
Histotechnologists perform a variety of diagnostic and research procedures in the anatomic sciences. Basic histologic techniques involve the processing and staining of tissue specimens that have been removed from humans or animals by biopsy or autopsy. Advanced techniques involve the use of the electron microscope, immunofluorescence microscopy, autoradiography, cytogenetics and medical photography.
Students may be accepted into the histotechnology specialization after completing the required science, mathematics and clinical laboratory science courses. University general education requirements must also be met. The senior year consists of a 12-month internship at William Beaumont Hospital School of Histotechnology.
Program Director: Jim Zabawski (Henry Ford Hospital)
Cytogenetic technologists work independently under general supervision and can interpret and implement established procedures to prepare biological specimens for cytogenetics analysis, perform the analysis and construct and interpret karyotypes.
Students may be accepted into the cytogenetics specialization after completing the required science, mathematics and clinical laboratory science courses. University general education requirements must also be met. The senior year consists of a 12-month internship at Henry Ford Hospital in the Cytogenetics department. The program consists of an integrated presentation of didactic material and intensive laboratory study in the area of cytogenetics that includes specimen preparation, cell culture, chromosome analysis, microscopy and photography.